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Linux shell环境下Zabbix Api的使用

【字号: 日期:2023-04-06 15:09:16浏览:69作者:猪猪

在linux shell环境下直接调用就可以,根据官网所述:在访问Zabbix中的任何数据之前,你需要登录并获取身份验证令牌。这可以使用该 user.login 方法完成。

[root@localhost ~]# curl -i -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" -d "{"jsonrpc": "2.0","method":"user.login","params":{"user":"Admin","password":"zabbix"},"auth": null,"id":0}" http://192.168.149.129/zabbix/api_jsonrpc.php
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Fri, 26 Oct 2018 07:46:05 GMT
Server: Apache/2.4.6 (CentOS) PHP/5.6.36
X-Powered-By: PHP/5.6.36
Access-Control-Allow-Origin: *
Access-Control-Allow-Headers: Content-Type
Access-Control-Allow-Methods: POST
Access-Control-Max-Age: 1000
Content-Length: 68
Content-Type: application/json
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","result":"77bfe44db3f5c016477110c5748ac3e1","id":0}

根据官网所述,返回了用户身份验证令牌"77bfe44db3f5c016477110c5748ac3e1",后面所有的api请求都需要带着它。

依葫芦画瓢又查询了一个,这次带着上面的身份验证令牌:

[root@localhost ~]# curl -i -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" -d "{"jsonrpc": "2.0","method":"host.get","params":{"output":["host"],"selectInterfaces":["ip"]},"auth":
 "77bfe44db3f5c016477110c5748ac3e1","id":4}" http://192.168.149.129/zabbix/api_jsonrpc.p
hp
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Fri, 26 Oct 2018 08:17:23 GMT
Server: Apache/2.4.6 (CentOS) PHP/5.6.36
X-Powered-By: PHP/5.6.36
Access-Control-Allow-Origin: *
Access-Control-Allow-Headers: Content-Type
Access-Control-Allow-Methods: POST
Access-Control-Max-Age: 1000
Content-Length: 111
Content-Type: application/json
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","result":[{"hostid":"10084","host":"Zabbix server","interfaces":[{"ip":"127.0.0.1"}]}],"id":4}

返回了主机名Zabbix server,主机Ip 127.0.0.1

实际上,API怎么用还是要以官网文档为准,比如apiinfo.version,官网写的很清楚:此方法可用于未经身份验证的用户,必须在发送 JSON-RPC 请求中不加“auth”参数的情况下调用。

示例如下:

[root@localhost ~]# curl -i -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" -d "{"jsonrpc": "2.0","method":"apiinfo.version","params":[],"id":5}" http://192.168.149.129/zabbix/api_
jsonrpc.php
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Fri, 26 Oct 2018 08:40:17 GMT
Server: Apache/2.4.6 (CentOS) PHP/5.6.36
X-Powered-By: PHP/5.6.36
Access-Control-Allow-Origin: *
Access-Control-Allow-Headers: Content-Type
Access-Control-Allow-Methods: POST
Access-Control-Max-Age: 1000
Content-Length: 42
Content-Type: application/json
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","result":"3.4.14","id":5}

显示目标主机的Zabbix API 版本是3.4.14

附官网链接:

总结

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标签: Zabbix
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